Hyperextended Knee: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

A hyperextended knee is a common sports injury that can vary in severity from a mild and temporary inconvenience to a major knee injury. When the stretched Knee goes beyond the maximum level of being straight. This results in the backward movement of your knee and causes hyper extended knee. It is mostly occurred as a result of any injury or strong blow. The knee of the affected person goes past its normal position and the stretched Knee bends backwards as a result. Mostly, athlete and sportsmen suffer from this type of injury because while performing their acrobatic moves, there is a high risk of such injury. Apart from that, another major cause of such an injury is a road accident or any accidents of other types. Now the question arises in this situation that what actually this injury can do internally to the affected person?

Hyperextension in the knee can damage not only the ligament

Hyper extension in knee can damage not only the ligament but also the cartilage in the knee can highly be affected by this hyperextension. The injury can be of varying degree depending upon the severity of the blow. For example, when you get this hyperextension injury as a result of any minor sports injury, only a few ligaments will be distorted and the injury will be of mild nature. On the other hand, let’s suppose a scenario that a person need a road accident of a very severe nature and the injury of stretched knee nature can be of great nature that may result in the distribution of the knee. The symptoms of the mile type of stretched knee include slight bruising and swelling of the knee. If the injury is severe, the symptoms are quite severe as well and the patient requires immediate medical attention.

Symptoms of a hyperextended knee

In a hyperextension, the ACL or another ligament of the knee can tear partially or completely. The knee bends beyond its normal range of motion and puts a great deal of stress on the ligaments of knee.  The Symptoms of this condition can include pain, swelling of the joint, bruising around the effected area, difficulty walking, or other difficulty with joint use and movement. When it yields any of these symptoms, the Mayo Clinic recommends obtaining medical attention as soon as possible.

The Doctor should analyze the condition of the Stretched Knee

As soon as the medical attention is sought, the doctor should analyze the condition and should decide whether an immediate surgery is required or not. If the surgery is required, all the factors should carefully be analyzed. For example, if such an injury is received by a child, the surgery should be postponed because the cause of the surgery the growth of the bones can stop. So, in most of the cases, surgery is postponed till the child reaches an appropriate age. On the other hand, if the person receives a minor injury and only a few ligaments are torn, then the treatment can be done with the medication and physiotherapy. A very important factor in the recovery of a patient is appropriate resting phase. The person who is suffering from stretched Knee should be taking appropriate amount of rest. If it is a sportsman, he or she should wait for a considerable amount of time as prescribed by the physician before returning to the game in the truest sense. All these factors are quite substantial in the proper and permanent recovery of the patient.

Treatment and Exercises for this Injury

The treatment really depends upon how badly the joint has been damaged.  Upon experiencing hyperextended knee signs and symptoms, treatment that can be administered immediately is taking off weight on the injured knee by sitting and propping your leg on a chair or by lying down. You can also apply ice on the injured area and taking over-the-counter pain medications like ibuprofen or acetaminophen.  Ace bandages may also be used on the injured knee. But the most important treatment is treating your injured knee to rest for about two to three weeks.

For severe cases of hyperextended injury, consult your doctor immediately.  X-rays and MRI will be done so the condition of your knee will be known in order to determine the kind of treatment it will need.  Others may require surgery to be followed by physical therapy and the recuperating stage may take up to 9 months for the hyperextended knee to heal fully. One thing that is sad with this type of injury once you have experienced hyperextended knee injury, your knee would not be as strong as it was before and it can be possible that you can experience it again.

Proper exercise like actively walking and wearing a brace for your knee is necessary after the injury.  But the most important exercises that you should do to help in the muscle strengthening and flexibility of your knee are the following: Water exercises wherein the water’s buoyancy helps in strengthening your knee.  Stationary Bike Exercises, Muscle Strengthening and Muscle Stretching Exercises also help your knee in improving its strength and flexibility.

Research and studies also show that doing yoga exercises may help prevent on having hyperextended knee injury again and makes the healing process fast.  Yoga exercises helps in strengthening of the thighs and calf and tightening of the tendons and ligaments.  You should do readings first on yoga exercises before doing it so you will know the specific yoga exercise that you need for your injury.